John gray dating
Gray sees volition, and hence morality, as an illusion, and portrays humanity as a ravenous species engaged in wiping out other forms of life. cannot destroy the Earth, but they can easily wreck the environment that sustains them." then studied at Exeter College, Oxford, reading Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE), completing his B. Among philosophers, he is known for a thoroughgoing rejection of Rawlsianism and for exploration of the uneasy relationship between value pluralism and liberalism in the work of Isaiah Berlin. He formerly held posts as lecturer in political theory at the University of Essex, fellow and tutor in politics at Jesus College, Oxford, and lecturer and then professor of politics at the University of Oxford.Gray's political thought is noted for its mobility across the political spectrum over the years.
Those Darwinist thinkers who believe humans can take charge of their own destiny to prevent environmental degradation are, in this view, not naturalists, but apostles of humanism.
It is perhaps for this critique of humanism that Gray is best known.
Central to the doctrine of humanism, in Gray's view, is the inherently utopian belief in meliorism; that is, that humans are not limited by their biological natures and that advances in ethics and politics are cumulative and that they can alter or improve the human condition, in the same way that advances in science and technology have altered or improved living standards.
In Gray's view, many contemporary liberal theorists would fall into this category, for instance John Rawls and Karl Popper.
Agonistic liberalism is an alternative to Berlin's theory of value pluralism and liberalism.